Indolent varicella encephalitis with vasculopathy in an immunocompromised patient

A 68-year-old female with B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma presented to us with sequential blindness followed by hemiparesis. Four months earlier, the patient had developed chicken pox that was treated with intravenous acyclovir. An MRI brain showed multiple cerebral infarcts and beaded appearance of her intracranial vasculature. PET-CT showed hypermetabolism in the right frontal lobe and pons suggestive of encephalitis. Cerebral spinal fluid examination showed 15 cells and varicella zoster vasculopathy (VZVV) polymerase chain reaction was positive.