Microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia and thrombocytopenia due to combined vitamin B12 and folate deficiency masquerading as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

Vitamin B12 deficiency and folate deficiency are common causes of macrocytic anaemia and both are important for many cellular processes. These deficiencies could be due to inadequate dietary intake, impaired absorption or drug ingestion. We present a case of a 47-year-old male with a history of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who was admitted for fatigue, persistent frontal headache and left upper-quadrant abdominal pain. Further investigation showed that he had pancytopenia with microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia (MAHA) and intracranial bleeding (ICB).

Thrombotic microangiopathy with renal injury: an approach for the general physician

Throhrombotic microangiopathy with renal dysfunction is a haematological and renal emergency warranting urgent diagnosis and intervention. As the potential underlying causes may be complex, assessment and management can be challenging for treating clinicians, and a timely and collaborative approach between general physicians, haematologists and nephrologists may be extremely helpful in order to optimise clinical outcomes.