Changing paradigms in the management of gout

The incidence and prevalence of gout have increased, as have comorbid obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney and cardiovascular disease. Gout is now the commonest type of inflammatory arthritis despite availability of safe, effective and potentially ‘curative’ urate-lowering drugs. Modern imaging studies show that gout is a chronic inflammatory crystal deposition disorder even at the first acute attack and they illuminate the need to eliminate urate crystals by continuing reduction of the serum urate below its solubility threshold.