Hypnale coagulopathy: snake envenomation of a different kind

Hypnale hypnale is a small pit viper that is known as the hump-nosed pit viper (HNV) or ‘Merrem’s hump-nosed pit viper’ and is endemic to Sri Lanka and the Western Ghats of South India. Previously, it was thought that this viper bite would result in mild systemic or local envenomation, however, we now know that HNV bites could cause severe systemic toxicity and mortality.