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Journal Issue: 
Volume 50: Issue 2: 2020



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Aims and Scope

The Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (JRCPE) is a quarterly, peer-reviewed publication with a circulation of over 8,500. JRCPE is indexed in MEDLINE, Embase, ESCI, DOAJ, Scopus and Google Scholar. Publication is open to all authors and not restricted to Fellows or Members of the College.

Submissions are invited in the following areas: reports of original research, case reports, investigation findings (images) of general interest, historical papers and letters to the Editor.

Manuscripts should not be submitted simultaneously to another journal, should not have been accepted for publication elsewhere and must not have been published already. All submitted manuscripts are peer reviewed and checked for plagiarism. The Editor reserves the right to make the final decision regarding publication and to make textual amendments where considered necessary.

Guidance for authors

Submission guidance can be obtained from the editorial office or downloaded from Compliance with this guidance will ensure quicker consideration of manuscripts by the editorial office.

Additional information

The Editors of the JRCPE have endorsed, in principle, the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publications; available from

The Editors view alleged, or suspected, medical or biomedical research misconduct as a serious offence and will not hesitate to refer suspected cases of misconduct to the appropriate bodies.

Editorial team

Dr Vinod Ravindran, Editor-in-Chief
Centre for Rheumatology, Calicut, Kerala, India

Dr Graeme Currie, Education Editor
Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, UK

Dr Allan Beveridge, History and Medical Humanities Editor
Edinburgh, UK

Dr Yeong Yeh Lee, Associate Clinical Editor
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Kota Bharu, Malaysia

Dr Alisdair McNeill, Associate Clinical Editor
Sheffield University, Sheffield, UK

Dr Durga Prasanna Misra, Associate Clinical Editor
Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS), Lucknow, India

Dr Ian Chan, Associate Education Editor
The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Dr Al Dowie, Associate History and Medical Humanities Editor
University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK

Production team

Estela Dukan and Ninette Premdas, Production Editors; Russell Davidson, Editorial Assistant; Stephanie Hough and Mari Tanaka, Typesetting; Colin Reekie, Designer

International Advisory Network

Dr Simon G Allan, Palmerston North Hospital, New Zealand

Prof. Alejandro Bussalleu, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru

Prof. Michael Cholbi, California Center for Ethics and Policy at California State Polytechnic University, USA

Prof. Kathryn Choon Beng Tan, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Prof. Hadi Alphonse Goubran, Cairo University, Egypt

Dr SJ Gupta, Sant Parmanand and Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, India

Dr Mahzuz Karim, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals, UK

Prof. James Ker, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Dr Jugal Kishor Sharma, Central Delhi Diabetes Centre, India

Prof. Dilip Kumar Mazumdar, Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences, Kolkata, India

Prof. Balakrishnan Nair, University of Newcastle, Australia

Dr Khai Pang Leong, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore

Prof. Syed Hasnain Ali Shah, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

Prof. Quazi Tarikul Islam, Popular Medical College, Bangladesh

Prof. Surujpal Teelucksingh, University of the West Indies, Trinidad & Tobago

Prof. Molly Mary Thabah, JIPMER, India

Dr Roger W Warne, Royal Perth Hospital, Australia

Prof. David N Williams, University of Minnesota Medical School, USA

Dr Rosemarie Wright-Pascoe, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica

Prof. Man Fung Yuen, Queen Mary Hospital, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Online publication
This issue can be accessed for free on the College website:

Contact details
Editorial Office, JRCPE, Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, 11 Queen Street, Edinburgh EH2 1JQ, UK. Tel + 44 (0)131 247 3666; email

All advertisements are expected to conform to medical, ethical and business standards. The appearance of an advertisement does not constitute an endorsement by the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh or by the Editor of this journal.   



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