Journal Mobile

C Park
Journal Issue: 
Volume 37: Issue 1: 2007




Diabetic ketoacidosis remains the most important acute complication of  diabetes  mellitus,  causing  metabolic  decompensation  with  an  associated morbidity and mortality of 1–10%. Although levels of morbidity and mortality are falling with modern management protocols, a significant threat still remains. While DKA is most common in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, it should not be overlooked  in  patients  with  type  2  diabetes  mellitus, especially  in  those  who require  insulin.   In  contrast  to  chronic  management, acute  complications  often present  to  Acute  Medicine  rather  than  to  specialist  diabetes  services.   Prompt recognition, diagnosis, and treatment are therefore essential.