George Cleghorn (1716-1789): The surgeon-anatomist from Scotland who became a major figure in Irish medicine

George Cleghorn (1716-1789), medical pioneer and gifted surgeon-anatomist, was born in Granton, just outside Edinburgh, on the 18 December 1716. Cleghorn was the son of a farmer and the youngest of five children. He was educated at the local grammar school in Cramond, before being sent to Edinburgh in 1728 to gain further knowledge of Latin, Greek, French and mathematics. He entered the University of Edinburgh in 1731 as a student of physic and surgery. Cleghorn studied under and lodged with Dr Alexander Monro for five years.